Adolescent care is the care taken for young people between ages of 10-19 years often thought as a healthy group. Adolescent is a critical time of life when people become independent individuals, for new relationships, develop new skills and behaviours that will last rest of their lives.
It is one of the most challenging period of an individual. They are exposed to most of the health risks like tobacco, drugs and alcohol and mental health issues like depression, self-harm, anxiety, addiction.Most of the young people die due to accidents, suscides, violence, pregnancy related complications and other illness that are either preventable or treated. Many serious diseases in adulthood have cause in adolescence. For example, tobacco use, poor eating, sexually transmitted infections including HIV and exercise habits, lead to illness or premature death later in life.
Main health issues includes Early pregnancy and child birth, HIV, Mental Health, Violence, Alcohol and drugs, Injuries, Malnutrition, Obesity, Tobacco use and other infectious diseases. Specifically, it is becoming increasingly clear that protecting the adolescent health will lead to great public health, demographic and economic benefits.
For adolescents now: Prevention, early detection and treatment of problems (e.g mental disorders, injuries, sexually transmitted infections)
Nursing management consists of the performance of the leadership functions of governance and decision making within organization employing nurses. It includes processes common to all management like planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. Management position increasingly requires candidates to hold an advanced degree in nursing.it is common for registered nurses to seek additional education to earn a master of science in nursing to prepare for leadership roles within nursing. There are several careers with health information management with traditional and non- traditional settings for a health professional to work within. Traditional settings include Managing and HIM records department, Coding, transcription, patient admissions, physician’s accreditation, risk management, cancer registry, trauma registry, quality improvement, compliance auditor and utilization review. Non-traditional settings include government agencies, correctional facilities, pharmaceutical research and medical software companiesRead More
Nursing ethics is controversial where ethics is a unique field apposing issues that cannot be understood fully by adapting the professional ethics of physicians. The same ethical principles and the same moral issues emerge in the healthcare setting. Nursing ethics is a branch of applied ethics that concerns itself with activities in the field of nursing .as these ethics share many principals like medicinal ethics, and the rest for the autonomy .the nursing ethics tends to examine the ethics of caring than curing by exploring the everyday the interaction between the nurse and the person. The ethics is mainly focused more on the virtues that would make a good nurse, which historically included loyalty to the physician rather the focus being nurse conduct in relation to the person. In 19 century modern nursing has been established.in 2006 related was the 10/90 rule of research than 10% of the world’s population. : statistics involved in health policy are Life expectancy and healthy life: Increasing the birth rate from 67.5 to 7 by 2025, Mortality by Age and/ or cause: Reduce under five mortality by 2025 and MMR to the current levels to 100 by 2020, reduce infant mortality rate to 28 by 2019, reduce neo-natal mortality rate to 16 and still birth rate to single digit by 2025. Achieve global target by 2020 which is also termed as target of 90:90:90 90% this means of all people living with HIV know their HIV status, 90% of all people diagnosed with HIV receive sustained antiretroviral therapy and 90% of people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression.Read More
The care of seriously ill clients from point of injury until discharge from intensive care and which also deals with human responses to life threatening problems with major surgery.is the field of nursing with focus on the care of the critically patients following extensive injury surgery .these specialists generally take care of critically ill patients by more carefully and care more.as a unit is present which is more comprehensive care of critically ill patient which is deemed to recoverable stage is carried out. This Field of nursing with attention on the most extreme consideration of the fundamentally sick or temperamental patients following broad damage, medical procedure or hazardous ailments. Basic consideration attendants can be nursing working in a wide assortment of conditions and claims to fame, for example, general intensive care units,Read More
Transcultural nursing is a professional nursing interacts with the concept of culture, it is specific cognitive specially in nursing that focuses on global and comparative cultural caring, health and nursing phenomena.it was established in 1995 as formal area of inquiry and practice. The transcultural nurse looks to respond to the imperative for developing a global perspective within the nursing field in an increasingly globalized world of the interdependent and interconnected nation in them. Transcultural nurses shouldn’t only be familiar with the religious customs, values and beliefs of patients. The main goals of the transcultural nursing are to provide culture specific and universal nursing care, and to give a cultural nursing care.Read More
Nursing informatics is a combination of computer science, information science and nursing science designed to assist in the management and processing the nursing data, information and knowledge.it is mainly used in the research and professional experience. The main changes in medical treatment, regulation for federal and state reimbursement and public knowledge create growing demands for the information. On average medical /surgical nurse spent 34% of their time to be handling.it is mainly important for the information and communication technologies in the collection of data and use of information. Health informatics is also known as health informatics, medical informatics, biomedical informatics and biomedical informatics. The disciplines involved include computer science, behavioural science, management science, information science and social science. Healthcare informatics include subfields of specialties in clinical informatics like pathology informatics, imaging informatics, public health informatics, clinical bioinformatics, home health informatics, nursing informatics, consumer informatics, informatics for education and research, pharmacy informatics, Community health informatics and Home health informatics.Read More
Geriatric nursing it refers to the nursing pertaining to care of the elder people as these people work in organizations such as acute care hospitals, nursing home and retirement home.it is important that all the nurses need to have a specialized knowledge. Ageing is a process during which structural and functional changes in an organism. Older patients require more health care services than the younger ones it is more important to them. The main purpose of is to care the older people by the nursing education. Ageing it is a progressive and generalized impairment of body functions resulting in loss of adaptive responses to stress and increasing the risk of the ageing related diseases in elder people. The physiology of aging is about the changes in the cells, changes in tissues, changes in organs and in the changes in the configuration. It is estimated that the global wide aged population of the aged group of 65 will be grow to 1.53 billion by 2050.In 2009 about 7% aged 60 years and older are present, in rising to the number the government is passed a rule as older persons act in 2006.the older are working longer in 2014, 23 % of men and 15 % of women are working as labour force. By 202 the number of people aged 60years and older will outnumber children younger than 5 years.Read More
The term chronic disease means usually prevalent the chronic degenerative disease such as diabetes, coronary artery disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Patients with a chronic medical condition often need care for several care providers where they need a partnership to work this are called multidisciplinary care. As care describe the good disease management means for patients with chronic disease like diabetes, asthma. There are two versions to care one is for patients and other for care professionals the content is same. The benefits of multidisciplinary care are patients gets an individual care plan that is tailored to their needs ,care is provided close to home ,patients have single point of contact, care providers consults with each other and with patients. Communicable diseases spread through Physical contact with the infected person, through touch (Staphylococcus), faecal or oral transmission (hepatitis A), droplets (influenza, TB), sexual intercourse (gonorrhoea, HIV) Contact with a contaminated surface or object (Norwalk virus), blood (hepatitis b), water (cholera) and food (salmonella, E. coli) Travel through air such as tuberculosis or measles.Read More
Mental health nursing is the appointed position of nurse that specialises in mental health, a cares for people of all ages expecting in the mental illnesses. Nurses in this area receive specific training in psychological therapies, building a therapeutic alliance, dealing with challenging behaviour and the administration of psychiatric medication. In contrast to other hospital environments, within psychiatric inpatients settings, patient risk is conceptualized as affecting not only the individuals but also the staff of working and the general people. Mental hygiene which measures to promote the mental illness and suffering and to facilitate rehabilitates in most countries a psychiatric nurse will have to attain bachelor’s degree in nursing to become a registered nurse and specialise in mental health. Mental health education is the essential education that services was generated and designed to educate, equip, empower, train and provide students in all type of educational institutions.Read More
Quality is an optimal balance between possibilities realised and framework of norms and values. This reflects the fact that quality is an abstraction and does not exist as a discrete entity. The quality of that appeared to be listing of quality indicators which are expressions of the standards. Rather it is based on an interaction among relevant actors who agree about standards and the components. The main types of the quality are expected, perceived and actual. The quality of care is important for the tougher competition, frequent medical errors, rising costs, limited health expenditures and concern with variation in health care outcomes and costs. The patient safety emerged from the health care quality movement that is equally abstract with various approaches to more concrete essential components; it is defined as those that reduce the risk of adverse events related to exposure to medical care across a range of diagnoses. A hospital may have the best surgeons and greatest technology in the world, but unless it is preventing infections and eliminating errors, it is not delivering on a very basic premise: ensuring the safety of you and your loved ones.Read More
Paraesthesia nursing is a nursing specialty practice area which is concerned with providing care to patients undergoing or recovering from the anaesthesia.it also encompass with several subspecialty practice area and represents a diverse number of practice environments. Medicinal professionals including anaesthesiologists and paraesthesia nurses are responsible for the care of the patients who are undergoing from anaesthesia. They have a task with the medical management of the patient including the monitoring of heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature in order to keep the patient safe and comfortable. A surgical nurse, also known as theatre nurse, specializes in preoperative care which means they provide care to patients before, during and after surgeryRead More
Adolescence is a period of developmental changes which occur by having the impact on the physical and emotional changes in the young people. In this they develop a modal of care for the treatment of adolescents including the inpatients and outpatients by giving a support programs, mental health and ailed health services. A new adolescent model of care for young person is referred to RCH this will receive developmentally and culturally sensitive care within a young people. Providing a care to adolescents can be a challenging and at a time when teenagers are struggling to make a decision on their own.as a nurse practitioner, they have opportunity to work with many adolescents. The psychosocial development has the less interest in parental activities, mood swings and intense relationship with same and opposite sex friends. The main health problems of the adolescent are biomedical illness, consequences of risk taking behaviour, nutritional problems, mental health problems and reproductive health problems.Read More